Volume 42, Issue 4 (Winter 2022)                   Athar 2022, 42(4): 532-551 | Back to browse issues page

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Esmaeili Sangari H. Management of Physical Hazards in the Tabriz Historic Bazaar of using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). Athar. 2022; 42 (4) :532-551
URL: http://athar.richt.ir/article-2-916-en.html
Faculty Member, Research Institute of Historic Buildings and Context, Cultural Heritage Research Institute, Tehran, Iran , f_esmaeeli_s@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1208 Views)

Historical markets are one of the most important cultural-historical capitals of any country, reflecting its inhabitants' various aspects of life, and Tabriz Historic Bazaar, the largest indoor brick structure globally and the only commercial-traditional work registered in Iran in the World Heritage List, is no exception. Various natural and human factors have constantly threatened historical markets, and a variety of natural disasters have been placed alongside the threats of human actions as a detrimental factor to historical monuments. The protection of historical monuments requires the acquisition of special knowledge and skills, one of which is the knowledge of crisis management in this type of particular place. The first stage of this knowledge is sufficient knowledge about the historical monument's nature and the behavior of those interested in this monument. Therefore, enough knowledge about the strength, spatial power, type of events, and the types of behaviors of those who share interest so that the appropriate preventive actions are predicted. The present study is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive in terms of method, which has been done to identify and analyze crises and physical hazards in the Tabriz Historic Bazaar based on the mentioned factors and hierarchical analysis process. The number of risk factors identified in this study was 9. These items were reduced to three main hazards (earthquake, fire, and deliberate destruction of the structure by the marketers) after prioritization. Personal data analysis was performed using Expert Choice software. Finally, according to the research findings, practical suggestions for crisis prevention are presented.

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✅ The present study is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive in terms of method, which has been done to identify and analyze crises and physical hazards in the Tabriz Historic Bazaar based on the mentioned factors and hierarchical analysis process.
 


Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Conservation and Restoration
Received: 2021/09/6 | Accepted: 2021/11/12 | Published: 2022/02/2

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