Volume 40, Issue 3 (Fall 2019)                   Athar 2019, 40(3): 164-194 | Back to browse issues page

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1- PhD Student, Department of Archeology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Archeology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran , habibshahbazi35@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1358 Views)
Due to the time proximity of the Qajar period with the contemporary period, today there are a lot of works belonging to this period compared to previous periods; as a result, there is more knowledge about the architectural decorations of this period. Regarding the special cultural conditions prevailing in this period, especially the influence of Western arts, these architectures and decorations demonstrate special and sometimes different characteristics from the examples of previous eras. It can be said that Qajar architecture is a descendant of Safavid architecture in term of pattern. One of the buildings that followed a fixed pattern during the Qajar period and continued its previous periods is the bathhouse. Bathhouses, in addition to the functional aspect, which was a place for purification and cleaning, according to their characteristics and capacities, also had social and even political functions and, in a way, a media role. Today, there are more than a few historical bathhouses in Sanandaj that have not been fully and comprehensively researched. In this regard, this research was conducted in a descriptive-analytical manner and data collection was done in the form of field and library surveys to obtain commonalities and differentiation of the significant bathhouses of the Qajar period in Sanandaj and analyze their structure and use. The bathhouses studied are the Hammam-e Khan and the bathhouse of the mansion of Mullah Lutf Allah Shaykh al-Islam. The results of the research showed that their founders’ method and character play a very important role in being people-oriented. So much so that in order to try to develop urban spaces and because of his position in the government space, the founder of Hammam-e Khan, has built urban spaces in areas that are strategically better located. In the bathhouse of Mullah Lutf Allah, its founder has tried his best to instill the goal of supporting the people and the link between the people and the government using symbols, decorations and architectural arrays.
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Type of Study: Original Research Article | Subject: Architecture
Received: 2020/04/30 | Accepted: 2020/10/31 | Published: 2019/12/3

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